Fall Gardening: It’s all about that base, er… those bulbs!
One of the more fetching things (or shall I say people) I learned of during the garden show season last March, was a Dutch woman who has mastered a fresh approach to planting bulbs in the garden. Jacqueline van der Kloet doesn’t do the standard daffodil/tulip thing – which is to plant intense, monochromatic clumps of a single cultivar to provide a “spot of color,” that is gone in a few weeks with lots of boring foliage left behind. Instead, she frees up bulbs, unleashes them from the cluster and integrates them in a more naturalistic manner that can truly showcase their collective beauty.
Now who out of us gardeners, doesn’t want a spring wonderland brimming with naturalistic rhythm and enchantment? When the temps begin to climb out of the freezing zone and a bit of rain falls, we crave the signs of new life and our desire for naturalistic gardens is at its highest. The “proof” of this craving is the multitude of blog posts, instagram photos and tweets sharing the “glory” of the first Snowdrop! (Galanthus nivalis)
Although Ms. van der Kloet is a world-class garden designer, working on projects for the New York Botanical Garden, Chicago’s Millennium Park and famous gardens in Europe, her designs are not just for public spaces where plant material is changed every few months.
Her design style embodies longevity. Van der Kloet takes into consideration many types of flowering bulbs as well as perennial kin and her method can be carried out in a big or small space, making them oh so suitable for us home gardeners!
But here’s the thing…to implement some of Ms. van der Kloet’s signature style, we must think beyond tulips and daffodils. One of van der Kloet’s convictions is that there are many under-used bulbs that can be combined with favorites for a more lengthy, multi-dimensional spring-flowering show. For example, small flowering bulbs such as Chionodoxa and anemone bland can provide a layered effect when blooming with tulips, hyacinths and mid-season daffodils. They create an interesting understory for the well-known “stars.”
Fritillaria and Erythronium or trout lilies are most likely on her short list of under-used specimens. Species tulips too.
The main idea is to think about how spring bulbs can be used together to create an interesting tapestry of flowers and textures. For a small space, it is recommended to use around three varieties in a spring bulb palette and in larger spaces up to seven varieties. Color, height, bloom time and length, as well as sun exposure should be considered when making selections.
Spring blooming perennials are part of a van der Kloet-inspired design and plants like aubretia, creeping phlox, cerastium, hardy geraniums, euphorbia, forget-me-nots, bleeding hearts, etc… add more color and texture to the wonderland.
The really fun part of her design method comes when it’s time to plant. (Even kids will enjoy this activity.) The bulb selections are all mixed together and then tossed by handfuls in the space where they are to be planted. The bulbs are planted at the appropriate depth based on the growing requirements but this style of “sprinkling” proves to yield a natural, appealing result.
So last week, before the snow fell and I mean right before it fell, (a couple of hours between my freezing hands and the first snowflake!) I mixed together the bulbs of my Dutch inspired design. I then tossed them in my front bed and started planting. Here are my selections:
As you can see, I didn’t give up hybrid tulips. (I could never do that!) But, I did incorporate a species tulip. Some of these lesser known tulips such as kaufmanniana, greigii or humilis bloom quite early and offer pretty, mottled foliage.
I’m hoping to achieve a layering of color and interest that starts in March and holds interest until the large perennials (iris and large hardy geraniums) begin to bloom in mid-May. It’s an experiment that going to be fun to see especially since my craving for springtime wonder will be at its highest!
But for now, everything is tucked away under a thick blanket of snow.
How about you? Do you plant spring-flowering bulbs in your garden? If so, what is your method? Have you heard of Ms. van der Kloet and her designs before?